Mitochondrial and nuclear genome sequences from straight-tusked elephants indicated they were a sister lineage to African forest elephants.
The virus spread according to a gravity model between large population centers, and its movements were affected by geographical distance.
An analysis of Aboriginal Australian samples stretching back to the 1920s suggests these populations may have been on the continent for up to 50,000 years.
A retrospective analysis of Enterococcus faecium isolates from a UK hospital provided clues to infection sources and antibiotic resistance patterns.
In PLOS this week: signs of positive selection at autism-linked variants, gut microbiome difference between active and sedentary women, and more.
The new sequences also uncovered two new gene families likely involved in Plasmodium malariae's ability to invade host cells.
Researchers applied their gene genealogy interrogation approach to fish in the otophysan clade before moving on to other branches in the tree of life.
The analysis also traced the origins of the retroviruses to the ancient ocean and found that they broadly diverged alongside their hosts.
Researchers sequenced dozens of Treponema pallidum isolates associated with syphilis, yaws, or bejel to look at the emergence of pandemic syphilis.
Using sequence data for more than 1,800 Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi isolates, researchers identified 68 SNPs to trace the bug to its geographical source.
Researchers tie a variant in ADAMTS3 to breathing difficulties in dissimilar dog breeds, according to Discover's D-brief blog.
The Japan Times reports that researchers sequenced the genome of a woman who lived during the Jomon period.
Parents of children with rare genetic disease have to contend with shifts in the interpretation of genetic variants, the Wall Street Journal reports.
In Science this week: single-nucleus RNA sequencing of brain tissue from individuals with autism, and more.