Mitochondrial and nuclear genome sequences from straight-tusked elephants indicated they were a sister lineage to African forest elephants.
The team uncovered ties to Near Eastern and Levant populations with mitochondrial genome sequences and genome-wide SNP profiles for up to 90 Egyptian mummies.
In PLOS this week: selective constraint within aspen tree buds, bird phylogenetic diversity varies by latitude, and more.
An analysis of Aboriginal Australian samples stretching back to the 1920s suggests these populations may have been on the continent for up to 50,000 years.
In PLOS this week: chromosomal insertion mechanisms, phylogeographic analysis of the Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, and more.
Using mitochondrial sequence data for hundreds of simplex families, investigators found predicted pathogenic heteroplasmic mutations were over-represented.
Researchers found the European bison's origins go back to ancient interbreeding between steppe bison and cattle, shedding light on early cave art detailing the animal.
With DNA sequences gleaned from owl pellet samples, researchers characterized phylogenetic relationships for a shrew-like creature called the Island Murderer.
Researchers have discovered that what was thought to be one far-roaming species is actually four separate and genetically distinct groups.
Mitochondrial sequences and radiocarbon data on dozens of Patagonian samples suggest Ice Age megafauna disappeared a thousand or more years after humans arrived.
The president of France's National Research Agency has resigned, according to Nature News.
A senator wants a "right-to-try" provision in the US Food and Drug Administration funding bill, but an ethicist says at Stat News that it would undermine the role of clinical trials.
In PNAS this week: red algae Porphyra umbicalis genome, deep neural network model for sequencing peptides, and more.
The Guardian's Barbara Ellen has tried out some DNA testing services to see whether they provide valuable information.