Higher levels of oral bacteria like Tannerella forsythia and Porphyromonas gingivalis increased the risk of esophageal cancer, though other bacteria had protective effects.
The Economist looks into how companies are trying to harness the gut microbiome to influence health and disease.
A pair of papers point to potential gut microbial contributions to checkpoint blockade immunotherapy response in individuals with lung, kidney, or skin cancer.
Researchers crowdsourced thousands of microbiome samples to examine global microbial diversity and generate a resource for researchers.
Researchers found microbial communities at sites of the female reproductive tract thought to be sterile, and linked certain microbes to disease states.
People with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease have increased levels of certain bacteria in their stool, a metagenome-wide association study has found.
In PLOS this week: nasopharyngeal microbiota among young children, splice variant linked to oculocutaneous albinism in a dog breed, and more.
The team tested 21 protocols for extracting DNA from human fecal microbiome samples to recommend one to improve comparability between studies.
Researchers report that while host genetics influence the oral microbiome, they don't appear to affect cavity-causing microbes, the Economist says.
Pandas' gut microbiomes change as what they eat changes with the seasons, writes Discover's Inkfish blog.
At a meeting this week, researchers and others discussed the regulatory oversight needed for germline genome editing.
The US Food and Drug Administration has asked questions about Myriad Genetics' GeneSight test, according to Bloomberg.
Researchers report that neutrophil extracellular traps appear to binds gallstones together, according to New Scientist.
In Science this week: approach to infer genotype-by-environment interaction from genetic variants associated with phenotypic variability, and more.