NEW YORK (GenomeWeb News) – There are hundreds of genomic regions that are uniquely regulated in the human brain as compared to other primates, an international team of researchers reported in PLOS Biology this week.

The researchers homed in on the prefrontal cortex of the brain as it is involved in complex cognitive functions, and changes to its transcriptome are thought to be behind human cognitive abilities as well as disorders.

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In Nature this week: omic analysis of permafrost microbes, hookworm genome, and more.

Biologists turn to environmental DNA sampling to determine whether elusive or invasive species are shedding DNA in a given area.

Rob Knight writes at Scientific American that microbiome studies are about to break out of the laboratory.

Harold Varmus, the director of the National Cancer Institute, has announced that he is stepping down after nearly five years.