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evolutionary biology

In PNAS this week: grape genomes give insight into domestication, columnar cacti classification, and more.

Investigators saw muted negative selection against mutations in genomic data for more than 7,600 tumors, while mining positive selection patterns for cancer driver clues.

New Mexico is re-doing its proposed science education standards after criticism, the Associated Press reports.

A genome-wide association study involving almost 1,600 African individuals led to diverse skin pigmentation-associated loci with varied effects on the complex trait.

Los Alamos researchers voice concerns about proposed science education standards in New Mexico, the Associated Press reports.

Several studies describe a new Neanderthal genome, Neanderthal sequence effects on human traits, and ancient hunter-gatherer population social structure clues.

With genetic data for seven Stone and Iron Age individuals, researchers estimate that human populations in southern Africa started diverging more than 260,000 years ago.

Data from hundreds of individuals suggest that the country's populations are genetically diverse, with a long history of genetic isolation and differentiation.

To study sequence conservation and more, researchers involved in the 200 Mammal Project are turning to short-read genome assemblies and select genomes with greater contiguity. 

Researchers sequenced and analyzed the genome of Apostasia shenzhenica, which is part of a small sister lineage to other plants in the Orchidaceae family, uncovering new evolutionary clues.

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A South African university has told the Wellcome Sanger Institute to return DNA samples it has from indigenous African communities, The Times reports.

The University of California, Berkeley's Rasmus Nielsen and Xinzhu Wei have retracted their CCR5 gene paper due to a technical artifact.

 

University of Virginia researchers are exploring a genetic risk test to gauge type 1 diabetes risk, NPR reports.

In PNAS this week: researchers compare two high-grade neuroendocrine lung cancers, height among ancient Europeans, and more.