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evolutionary biology

In Science this week: swapping yeast genes with human orthologs to study conservation of function, and more.

Researchers sequenced a 35,000-year-old wolf specimen from Siberia, using comparative genomics to tease apart the timing of wolf-dog divergence.

With genome sequences from 10 bee species, researchers unearthed regulatory changes contributing to more complex social systems in the insects.

Genome sequencing on almost 200 Ebola virus isolates from Sierra Leone pointed to a jump in genetic diversity in the virus from July to October of 2014.

Investigators from Germany, the US, China, and elsewhere have identified an ancient Romanian man just a few generations removed from a Neanderthal ancestor.

Common Eastern bumblebee.

Researchers sequenced the European buff-tailed bumblebee and North American common eastern bumblebee, comparing the genomes with other bee sequences.

Late Pleistocene woolly mammoths.

Researchers sequenced a 44,800-year-old Siberian woolly mammoth genome and a Wrangel Island mammoth that lived 4,300 year ago, close to the time of extinction.

lemon tree, Madrid

Researchers delved into citrus relationships and history with newly sequenced chloroplast genomes for 30 citrus plants and existing whole genomes for four more.

A Yale-led team has uncovered a number of enhancers and promoters with increased activity in humans, indicating a role for them in human cortical evolution.

An international team has sequenced the genome of the Tibetan Plateau frog  to help elucidate tetrapod evolution and high-altitude adaptation.

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At a meeting this week, researchers and others discussed the regulatory oversight needed for germline genome editing.

The US Food and Drug Administration has asked questions about Myriad Genetics' GeneSight test, according to Bloomberg.

Researchers report that neutrophil extracellular traps appear to binds gallstones together, according to New Scientist.

In Science this week: approach to infer genotype-by-environment interaction from genetic variants associated with phenotypic variability, and more.