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evolutionary biology

Nuclear and mitochondrial genome sequences from 120,000-year-old Neanderthal remains from Germany and Belgium revealed genetic ties to more recent Neanderthal populations.

In PNAS this week: copy number changes arose during polar bear evolution, genomic and transcriptomic analysis of the Siberian hamster, and more.

In PNAS this week: tool to predict pathogenic gene pairs, analysis of bat evolution, and more.

Based on sequences for hundreds of E. coli ST131 lineage isolates, researchers propose a model that involves negative frequency-dependent selection on accessory parts of the genome.

To understand the evolution of brain conditions and other traits, investigators plan to sequence human and pathogen DNA in thousands of samples from Europe.

Using genome sequences for 161 present-day Papuans and Island Southeast Asians, researchers described three Denisovan lineages and estimated divergence times between them.

In Science this week: genomic study of convergent evolution of the loss of flight in birds, and more.

Molecular features in primary and recurrent glioblastomas indicated that key initiator mutations turned up years before diagnosis, often persisting in recurrent tumors.

With RNA sequencing and other data, researchers gauged neoantigen formation, immunoediting, and clonal evolution in non-small cell lung cancers.

In Science this week: mechanisms of trait adaptation in wild mice, and more.

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In a cartoon, Vox explores the lack of women among this year's winners of the Nobel Prize.

Science reports a new US defense bill would establish two groups aimed at combating foreign influence on research. 

Nature Biotechnology discusses promising early results from two clinical trials of CRISPR-based therapy for β-thalassemia and sickle cell disease.

In Cell this week: analysis of tissue clones, metagenomic studies of ocean water samples, and more.