evolution

Got Big Brains

Researchers have uncovered a trio of human-specific genes that seem to govern people's large brain size, Reuters reports.

Velociraptor mongoliensis

Using bioinformatic and molecular cytogenetic approaches, researchers retraced ancestral "diapsid" reptile genome patterns from extant bird and reptile genomes.

Sequencing the genomes of a half a dozen chimp- or gorilla-infecting malaria parasites provided a clearer picture of Plasmodium falciparum evolution.

And Aren't Vulcan

A phylogenetic analysis of green-blooded lizards find the trait likely arose more than once, Reuters reports.

An analysis of more than 1,000 Neisseria gonorrhoeae genomes provided insights into antibiotic resistance patterns and related genomic features.

With genome-wide association study data, researchers saw enrichment for schizophrenia-linked SNPs in human-specific differentially methylated regions.

Dramatic genetic diversity in Mycobacterium leprae isolates from medieval Europe could point to a long history or potential origins on the continent.

Independent research teams identified and sequenced hepatitis B strains going back thousands of years from samples in Europe, uncovering now-extinct lineages.

This Week in Science

In Science this week: new donkey genome assembly, visualization of the herpes simplex virus, and more.

Blue whale

By sequencing and comparing sequences from several baleen whale species, researchers saw uncovered sympatric whale speciation and evolutionary networks.

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The US National Institutes of Health has developed guidelines to gauge whether frail chimpanzees are healthy enough to be move to a retirement sanctuary.

Osamu Shimomura, who won the 2008 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on green fluorescent protein, has died.

In PLOS this week: analytical approach for finding new genetic associations, analysis of Streptococcus pyogenes-infecting viruses, and more.

Stat News reports that the head of IBM Watson Health is leaving her post.