Analysis of a gene associated with basal progenitor cell expansions in the brain suggests a single splice site change led to human-specific forms of the gene transcript.
Modern humans' population size has enabled weakly deleterious Neanderthal genes to be removed from the human genome, UC Davis researchers found.
Researchers from the US and Germany assembled the genome of the small nocturnal primate and found a number of unusual insertions, including a complete mitochondrial genome.
By focusing on sequences that have diverged rapidly in humans, researchers identified regulatory sequences suspected of affecting neural processes.
A genomic look at estrogen receptor-positive tumors before and after neoadjuvant aromatase inhibitor therapy suggests ongoing molecular monitoring may be needed.
New research shows early man's use of fire may have triggered mutations that contributed to human evolution.
A Texas-led team examined the phylogenetic trees of gut bacteria from humans, chimpanzees, bonobos, and gorillas, and found they largely reflect their hosts.
Researchers detected a split between domestic dogs in East Asia and Western Eurasia that happened long after archeology suggests domestication took place.
RNA sequence data suggests genes used for defense, wound healing, and other processes in typical plants facilitate the Venus flytrap's carnivorous lifestyle.
Ebola virus genomes from a post-epidemic flare-up last June showed relatively low genetic divergence compared with related strains from the broader outbreak.
The Wall Street Journal reports that National Institutes of Health Director Francis Collins' response to contamination concerns at the agency might have delayed care.
The final revision of the Common Rule doesn't include the proposed change requiring consent for leftover biospecimens.
The first Reproducibility Project: Cancer Biology papers show mixed results.
In Nature this week: mobile phone-based targeted DNA sequencing, and more.