adaptation

Africanized honey bee

Researchers identified a genetically distinct cluster of gentle Africanized honeybees in Puerto Rico, which appear to have undergone selection in recent years.

Batang Toru orangutan

Using genome sequencing, phylogenomics, morphological analyses, and more, investigators defined a rare new orangutan species dubbed Pongo tapanuliensis.

A genome-wide association study involving almost 1,600 African individuals led to diverse skin pigmentation-associated loci with varied effects on the complex trait.

Durio zibethinus

Using new genome and transcriptome sequences, researchers saw expansions and expression jumps in sulfur and fruit ripening pathways in Durio zibethinus.

Several studies describe a new Neanderthal genome, Neanderthal sequence effects on human traits, and ancient hunter-gatherer population social structure clues.

Data from hundreds of individuals suggest that the country's populations are genetically diverse, with a long history of genetic isolation and differentiation.

Researchers sequenced and analyzed the genome of Apostasia shenzhenica, which is part of a small sister lineage to other plants in the Orchidaceae family, uncovering new evolutionary clues.

The Washington State University and the University of Utah researchers said epigenetic variation may contribute to environmental adaptation in the birds.

Using thousands of genes from 90 animal species, investigators established models suggesting placental mammals diversified across the Cretaceous-to-Paleogene boundary.

Wild jaguar

With new and available genome sequences, investigators delved into phylogenetic patterns and adaptations in lions, leopards, tigers, snow leopards, and jaguars.

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The US Food and Drug Administration has new guidelines that enable some gene and cell therapies to undergo expedited review, according to the New York Times.

Using gene drives to control invasive species might be too risky, an initial advocate of the approach says.

In Science this week: intellectual property experts argue patent battles such as the one over CRISPR are wasteful, and more.

Researchers have grown tumors in 3D cell cultures to better understand cancer, the Economist reports.