adaptation

Using meat and clinical samples collected prospectively over a year, researchers found evidence for poultry-to-human transmission of Escherichia coli sequence type 131.

Brown bear.

By sequencing four ancient cave bears and comparing them to other bear species, researchers retraced historical admixture of cave bears and brown bears.

Diet- and height-related variants were selected for in a Flores Island pygmy population, according to a study, which also provided insights into the population's history.

When researchers sequenced some 800 global Staphylococcus aureus isolates, they saw signs of previous jumps from humans to domestic animals and beyond.

Using genome sequencing and phylogenetics, researchers have shown that the industrial yeast Pichia kudriavzevii is genetically the same species as Candida krusei.

Starting with an 800-year-old sample from Norway, researchers retraced relationships between pig- and human-infecting Salmonella enterica lineages.

Deepwater rice in the Philippines.

A search for genetic contributors to flood-tolerant rice led to a distinct version of the gibberellin biosynthesis gene SD1.

Using bulk DNA samples produced from more than 5,000 subfossil bone fragments, researchers retraced species trajectories and extinctions over time in New Zealand.

Goat kid.

Researchers sequenced mitochondrial and/or nuclear genomes for dozens of wild and domestic ancient goats to explore domestication and selection patterns.

Velociraptor mongoliensis

Using bioinformatic and molecular cytogenetic approaches, researchers retraced ancestral "diapsid" reptile genome patterns from extant bird and reptile genomes.

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An Australian-led team has generated a draft genome assembly of the invasive cane toad in hopes it will help in population control, the Sydney Morning Herald reports.

The New York Times reports that the US Department of Defense has implemented about half the recommendations made to improve safe handling of dangerous agents.

In PLOS this week: approach for teasing out archaic introgression in human genomes, immune transcription features in HCV infection, and more.

Stat News reports that Maryland is promoting itself to the biotech industry with a mobile billboard.