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This Week in Science: Nov 18, 2016

In this week's Science, an international research team describes a new way to alter photosynthesis in plants to increase their light-harvesting ability and biomass production. Using tobacco plants, the researchers induced the expression of three genes related to two energy dissipation mechanisms believed to be involved in a mechanism plants use to adapt to varying levels of light and shade. Under fluctuating light conditions, the plants were better than their wild-type counterparts at carbon dioxide fixation and photosynthesis, and showed greater leaf area and height.

And in Science Signaling, a team from the Scripps Research Institute reports on the discovery of a protein-interaction network in the brain that appears to be important in Huntington's disease, and may offer clues about other brain disorders. The network is centered on the GTPase Rhes and contains multiple proteins associated with various neurological disorders, including major depressive disorder, Parkinson's disease, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and chronic pain. 

The Scan

RNA Editing in Octopuses Seems to Help Acclimation to Shifts in Water Temperature

A paper in Cell reports that octopuses use RNA editing to help them adjust to different water temperatures.

Topical Compound to Block EGFR Inhibitors May Ease Skin Toxicities, Study Finds

A topical treatment described in Science Translational Medicine may limit skin toxicities seen with EGFR inhibitor therapy.

Dozen Genetic Loci Linked to Preeclampsia Risk in New GWAS

An analysis of genome-wide association study data in JAMA Cardiology finds genetic loci linked to preeclampsia that have ties to blood pressure.

Cancer Survival Linked to Mutational Burden in Pan-Cancer Analysis

A pan-cancer paper appearing in JCO Precision Oncology suggests tumor mutation patterns provide clues for predicting cancer survival that are independent of other prognostic factors.