This Week in Science

In this week's Science, two independent research groups publish studies examining ancient genomes, providing new insights into human evolution. In the first study, a team led by scientists from the Max Planck Institute sequenced the genome of a female Neanderthal from about 50,000 years ago found in a cave in Croatia. Their data suggest that Neanderthals lived in small groups, but did not indicate the levels of inbreeding observed in analyses of other Neanderthals.

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Mice in New York harbor both antibiotic-resistant bacteria and novel viruses, according to a new analysis of their fecal microbiomes.

Human Heredity and Health in Africa Initiative has issued guidelines for genomic research in the region, according to Nature News.

The Associated Press reports that an ethicist predicts that prenatal diagnosis and other advances will lead to more choices being available to prospective parents.

In Genome Biology this week: approach to analyze alternative polyadenylation, algorithm to predict transcriptomic structural variations, and more.