This Week in Science

A group of European researchers publish the discovery of a gene that is likely to have contributed to the physical expansion of the human neocortex — a key event in primate evolution. Known as ARHGAP11B, the gene is found in modern humans, Neanderthals, and Denisovans, but is not present in mice. It drives the proliferation of neural progenitor cells that build the brain's neocortex, which is involved in sensory perception, motor commands, conscious thought, and language.

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Researchers describe a way to share data while keeping it secure, Agence France Presse reports.

India's Council of Scientific and Industrial Research has a new director-general, according to ScienceInsider.

A new study links more than a hundred genes to autism spectrum disorder, Discover's D-brief blog reports.

In Science this week: genetic mutations typically associated with esophageal cancer are common in older, healthy individuals, and more.