This Week in PLOS

Using stool samples collected over time from dozens of premature infants, a team from Brigham and Women's Hospital and elsewhere uncovered gut microbiome patterns associated with necrotizing enterocolitis — either in the first few weeks of life or slightly later. As they report in PLOS One, the researchers did 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing on hundreds of samples from 12 premature infants with necrotizing enterocolitis and 26 age-matched controls.

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Under a proposed spending bill, the US National Institutes of Health would see an additional $3 billion in funding.

Researchers from the University of Oxford and the University of Sydney sequenced numerous platypus genomes to study their population history.

Robert Redfield, the new pick to lead the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, has faced criticism for some of his work.

In Nature this week: sequenced genomes of five additional Neanderthals, and more.