Certain long intergenic noncoding RNAs (lincRNAs) could act as markers of diseased tissue, according to a new study in iScience. A growing body of data suggests that lincRNAs show more tissue-specific expression patterns than protein-coding genes (PCGs), but the molecular basis for this remains unclear. As part of an investigation into lincRNA expression, researchers from the University of Tokyo found that lincRNA loci are significantly enriched in the more internal regions of self-interacting genomic areas known as topologically associating domains (TADs), as compared to PCGs. Notably, they also noted that lincRNAs within TADs have higher tissue specificity than those outside TADs. Based on these findings, the research team developed an analytical framework for interpreting transcriptional status using lincRNAs and applied it to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy data, uncovering lincRNA signatures specific to the heart condition. The findings, the study's authors write, "will contribute to a fundamental understanding of the molecular basis underlying tissue-/disease-specific expression of lincRNAs.
Long Intergenic Noncoding RNAs Can Be Tissue Specific, Study Finds
Apr 27, 2023