Principal Investigator: Kurt Pickett
Sponsor: University of Vermont & State Agricultural College
Start/End Date: May 1, 2009 – April 30, 2012
Title: Taxonomy, Phylogenetics, Behavior and Proteomics of the Social Wasp Superorganisms (Hymenoptera: Vespidae; Vespinae)
Using proteomic, genetic, and morphological data, researchers will study the "sophisticated social structures" of yellowjacket and hornet colonies, according to the abstract. Investigated will be various aspects of the wasps' sophisticated sociality, including the "amazing 'superorganismic' interdependence of the members of the cologies, in which members function intimately, as a single unit."
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Principal Investigator: David Gaul
Sponsor: Southeast TechInventures
Start/End Date: April 1, 2009 – March 31, 2011
Title: Microglassification: Dehydration Process for Protein Preservation
The SBIR Phase ll project is aimed at advancing the discovery of an ambient temperature dehydration method, "microglassification," to more efficiently stabilize biomolecules for preservation.
Principal Investigator: Sunil Saxena
Sponsor: University of Pittsburgh
Start/End Date: April 1, 2009 – March 31, 2010
Title: Protein DNA Specificity Determinants by Paramagnetic Metal Based ESR Distance Measurements
The grant is for research into "the linkage between molecular structure, molecular motions and function in proteins that recognize and associate specific sites on DNA, in order to deduce general principles of site-specific protein-DNA recognition," according to the abstract. Prior studies using EcoRI endonuclease as a model suggests that when a protein binds to its "correct" DNA site, both the protein and DNA suffers losses of conformational-vibrational mobility. These changes are less pronounced when the protein binds at an incorrect DNA site. The researchers will use electron spin resonance spectroscopy to assess structural and dynamic changes between various classes of complexes.
Principal Investigator: Steven Wilhelm
Sponsor: University of Tennessee
Start/End Date: March 1, 2009 – Feb. 29, 2012
Title: What Makes Microcystis Bloom? Dissecting the Physiological Ecology of a Toxic Cyanobacterium with Community Level Proteomics
Researchers will use proteomic and genomic information to collect snapshots of the biochemical pathways that are simultaneously active in toxic cyanobacterium Microcystis cells before, during, and after bloom conditions to try to definitively answer what makes it bloom.