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MPI for Evolutionary Anthropology: Svante Pääbo

Svante Pääbo has won the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on genomes of extinct hominins and human evolution. He is a director at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, which he founded in 1999. Before that, he was a professor at the University of Munich. Pääbo's team published the first Neanderthal genome sequence in 2010, work that was followed by the genome sequences of the Denisovan and other ancient humans.

The Scan

Machine Learning Helps ID Molecular Mechanisms of Pancreatic Islet Beta Cell Subtypes in Type 2 Diabetes

The approach helps overcome limitations of previous studies that had investigated the molecular mechanisms of pancreatic islet beta cells, the authors write in their Nature Genetics paper.

Culture-Based Methods, Shotgun Sequencing Reveal Transmission of Bifidobacterium Strains From Mothers to Infants

In a Nature Communications study, culture-based approaches along with shotgun sequencing give a better picture of the microbial strains transmitted from mothers to infants.

Microbial Communities Can Help Trees Adapt to Changing Climates

Tree seedlings that were inoculated with microbes from dry, warm, or cold sites could better survive drought, heat, and cold stress, according to a study in Science.

A Combination of Genetics and Environment Causes Cleft Lip

In a study published in Nature Communications, researchers investigate what combination of genetic and environmental factors come into play to cause cleft lip/palate.