By a GenomeWeb staff reporter

NEW YORK (GenomeWeb News) – The University of Buffalo will use a $634,000 grant from the US Department of Defense to study three gene-environment interactions that may influence the progression of disease in multiple sclerosis patients.

The two-year grant will test the hypothesis that nicotine metabolism, byproducts of vitamin D metabolism, and increased levels of anti-Epstein-Barr virus interact with genetic variants to cause increased neurodegeneration and increased lesions in MS patients.

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In PLOS this week: phylogenetic study of hepatitis E viruses in Swedish moose, recombination sites in the honeybee genome, and more.

Differences in DNA methylation could be used to distinguish between DNA samples obtained from identical twins, researchers say.

A retrovirus that's been integrated into the human genome appears to have a role in embryonic development, researchers report.

A report from MIT identifies areas of scientific research where declining research support is hindering needed advances.