Skip to main content
Premium Trial:

Request an Annual Quote

Michigan Researchers Identify Mutation Linked to Rare Pediatric Kidney Disease

Premium

A team of researchers at the University of Michigan Medical School has identified a new genetic mutation that causes one type of nephronophthisis, a rare pediatric kidney disorder that invariably leads to renal failure.

But in doing so, the group has run into a typical quandary for genetic researchers: What to do when a gene is identified for a disease that is untreatable?

“At present, we can do the diagnostics and confirm for the patient that this is the disease they have, but we cannot offer any treatment,” Friedhelm Hildebrandt, a professor at UMMC and lead author of the study, said in a statement.

“Our only hope is to work out the mechanism to understand where it comes from,” he said. “At least we know where to start asking questions.”

Hildebrandt and his colleagues found nine distinct recessive mutations in the gene, called inversin, in nine infants with early-onset nephronophthisis type 2 from seven families. By contrast, the researchers found no inversin mutations in 100 healthy controls.

To be sure, though Hildebrandt’s finding, which appear in this month’s Nature Genetics, are intriguing, experts agree it will take many more years to understand why and how the inversin mutations lead to renal failure. “But scientists already have some intriguing clues indicating that inversin is required for normal embryonic development,” according to the statement.

Specifically, when Hildebrandt’s team knocked out the inversin gene from embryonic zebrafish, the fish developed severe kidney cysts and heart defects. Alternately, injecting the abnormal embryos with inversin mRNA from mice successfully restored normal development in the fish.

Moreover, studies of mice in whom the inversin gene was knocked out showed that the internal organs in 90 percent of the mice suffered situs inversus, and 10 percent had serious heart defects. According to Hildebrandt, one of the nine infants in the UMMC study “had similar developmental defects.”

— KL

Filed under

The Scan

Germline-Targeting HIV Vaccine Shows Promise in Phase I Trial

A National Institutes of Health-led team reports in Science that a broadly neutralizing antibody HIV vaccine induced bnAb precursors in 97 percent of those given the vaccine.

Study Uncovers Genetic Mutation in Childhood Glaucoma

A study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation ties a heterozygous missense variant in thrombospondin 1 to childhood glaucoma.

Gene Co-Expression Database for Humans, Model Organisms Gets Update

GeneFriends has been updated to include gene and transcript co-expression networks based on RNA-seq data from 46,475 human and 34,322 mouse samples, a new paper in Nucleic Acids Research says.

New Study Investigates Genomics of Fanconi Anemia Repair Pathway in Cancer

A Rockefeller University team reports in Nature that FA repair deficiency leads to structural variants that can contribute to genomic instability.