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Resume or CV?

While both resumes and CVs provide potential employers information about your professional experience and educational, there are key differences between the two, writes Lauren Celano at Nature Jobs.

Industry resumes are fairly short — just a page or two — and often start out with a statement on who you are and what you do. They also contain sections on experience and educational background, as well as on skills, awards, and papers and presentations.

"Many people reading your resume will not be an expert in your area, therefore it is important to include more general [descriptions] of your work, at least the high level/big picture, so that the reader can understand why the research is important and what you have accomplished," Celano notes.

CVs, on the other hand, can be quite long, with experienced academics having ones reaching 20 pages in length, though Celano says that four to five pages is a more typical length. The first page is often a summary of your research background and work, followed by educational experience and positions held, with most recent jobs listed first. After that, CVs usually contain information on your publications, presentations, teaching, mentoring, and grants, among others.

"A CV typically contains little to no detail about the research performed because people reading your CV are usually very familiar with your papers and field of study," she adds.