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Winners in Chemistry

The recipients of the 2009 Nobel Prize in chemistry are Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, Thomas Steitz, and Ada Yonath, reports the New York Times. The researchers independently used X-ray crystallography to study the structure of the ribosome and how it translates nucleic acids into proteins. They each also generated 3D models of the process. "This knowledge can be put to a practical and immediate use; many of today's antibiotics cure various diseases by blocking the function of bacterial ribosomes," says a press release from the Nobel foundation.

In the Daily Scan poll of potential winners — which like in physics, we missed out on the actual winners — the leader was Jacqueline Barton. Better luck next time.

The Scan

Tens of Millions Saved

The Associated Press writes that vaccines against COVID-19 saved an estimated 20 million lives in their first year.

Supersized Bacterium

NPR reports that researchers have found and characterized a bacterium that is visible to the naked eye.

Also Subvariants

Moderna says its bivalent SARS-CoV-2 vaccine leads to a strong immune response against Omicron subvariants, the Wall Street Journal reports.

Science Papers Present Gene-Edited Mouse Models of Liver Cancer, Hürthle Cell Carcinoma Analysis

In Science this week: a collection of mouse models of primary liver cancer, and more.