This Week in Science

Science this week named antiretroviral treatments that reduce the risk of HIV transmission its breakthrough of the year. Among the runners up are advances in microbiome research. "In 2011, researchers discerned a pattern amid the complexity," Science says of the human microbiome, adding that this year, investigators "also made other strides in understanding how diet affects the microbiome."

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A new analysis examines the gender gap among paper authors in the sciences and says it may take decades or more to close.

Researchers have uncovered signals of selection that may enable the Bajau people to free five hundreds of feet deep, Reuters reports.

In Science this week: paternally inherited cis-regulatory structural variants in autism, and more.

A new report outlines issues facing the implementation of personalized medicine in the UK, the Independent reports.