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This Week in Science: Dec 30, 2011

Science this week named antiretroviral treatments that reduce the risk of HIV transmission its breakthrough of the year. Among the runners up are advances in microbiome research. "In 2011, researchers discerned a pattern amid the complexity," Science says of the human microbiome, adding that this year, investigators "also made other strides in understanding how diet affects the microbiome."

The journal's editors say genomic epidemiology will be an area to watch in the coming year. "Whole-genome sequences will help to determine quickly where newly emerging diseases come from, whether microbes are resistant to antibiotics, and how they are moving through a population; they will also shed light on historic epidemics," the Science staff writes.

The Scan

Billions for Antivirals

The US is putting $3.2 billion toward a program to develop antivirals to treat COVID-19 in its early stages, the Wall Street Journal reports.

NFT of the Web

Tim Berners-Lee, who developed the World Wide Web, is auctioning its original source code as a non-fungible token, Reuters reports.

23andMe on the Nasdaq

23andMe's shares rose more than 20 percent following its merger with a special purpose acquisition company, as GenomeWeb has reported.

Science Papers Present GWAS of Brain Structure, System for Controlled Gene Transfer

In Science this week: genome-wide association study ties variants to white matter stricture in the brain, and more.