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This Week in Nature: Dec 6, 2007

In an editorial, Nature announces that they will be introducing a creative commons license for the reuse of papers reporting full genome sequences. Under this license, non-commercial publishers may reuse the pdf and html versions of the article and other users may copy, distribute, and/or adapt the paper for non-commercial uses. This continues, the editors write, "[Nature's] drive to make papers as accessible as possible."

In Germany, science is getting a lift. The Christian Democrat–Social Democrat majority approved a nearly ten percent increase in the 2008 German federal budget for science and education. The Ministry for Education and Research will get €9.35 billion and the German research council will see a three percent rise in its funds for university research. Non-university research centers, such as the Max Planck Centers, will also see a three percent increase.

Researchers led by Sergey Nejentsev and the Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium analyzed 1,729 polymorphisms from type one diabetes datasets to look at major histocompatibility complex class I genes. Nejentsev and his collaborators report that events mediated by MHC class I genes, particularly HLA-B*39, contribute to the etiology of diabetes. In a related News and Views, Bart Roep writes, "The innovative analytical approach of Nejentsev et al. underscores the outstanding importance of HLA class I genes not just in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes but, conceivably, in other HLA-associated autoimmune diseases."


The Scan

Fertility Fraud Found

Consumer genetic testing has uncovered cases of fertility fraud that are leading to lawsuits, according to USA Today.

Ties Between Vigorous Exercise, ALS in Genetically At-Risk People

Regular strenuous exercise could contribute to motor neuron disease development among those already at genetic risk, Sky News reports.

Test Warning

The Guardian writes that the US regulators have warned against using a rapid COVID-19 test that is a key part of mass testing in the UK.

Science Papers Examine Feedback Mechanism Affecting Xist, Continuous Health Monitoring for Precision Medicine

In Science this week: analysis of cis confinement of the X-inactive specific transcript, and more.