This Week in Nature

In Nature this week, a multi-institute team led by Chalmers University of Technology researchers report on how an analysis of the fecal gut metagenome can be used to identify patients with type II diabetes. Using shotgun sequencing, the investigators characterized the gut metagenomes of 145 European women with normal, impaired, and diabetic glucose control, and observed "compositional and functional alterations in the metagenomes" of those with type II diabetes.

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Researchers find that historical factors influence which genes are the most highly studied, the Atlantic reports.

The US National Science Foundation's new sexual harassment policy is to go into effect next month, according to Nature News.

Researchers report using genotyping to tie together illegal ivory shipments and trace them back to a handful of cartels, the New York Times reports.

In Nature this week: genomic ancestry analysis of Sardinians, current noncoding mutations in colorectal cancer, and more.