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This Week in Nature: Aug 2, 2012

A team led by investigators at the University of Rochester in New York this week show that "nuclear-retained transcripts containing expanded CUG-CUGexp — repeats are unusually sensitive to antisense silencing," and that, in a transgenic mouse model of myotonic dystrophy type 1, the systematic administration of antisense oligonucleotides causes "a rapid knockdown of CUGexpRNA in skeletal muscle, correcting the physiological, histopathologic and transcriptomic features of the disease." Overall, as the Rochester-led team reports in Nature, "these results provide a general strategy to correct RNA gain-of-function effects and to modulate the expression of expanded repeats, lncRNAs and other transcripts with prolonged nuclear residence."

In separate but related papers published online in advance this week, two groups discuss the Arabidopsis root microbiome. The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill's Derek Lundberg and his colleagues used pyrosequencing of the bacterial 16S ribosomal RNA gene to investigate more than 600 Arabidopsis thaliana plants, and "to test the hypotheses that the root rhizosphere and endophytic compartment microbiota of plants grown under controlled conditions in natural soils are sufficiently dependent on the host to remain consistent across different soil types and developmental stages, and sufficiently dependent on host genotype to vary between inbred Arabidopsis accessions." Meantime, the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research's Davide Bulgarelli et al. "show that the roots of Arabidopsis thaliana, grown in different natural soils under controlled environmental conditions, are preferentially colonized by Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes and Actinobacteria, and each bacterial phylum is represented by a dominating class or family." Our sister publication GenomeWeb Daily News has more on these studies.

And in a Nature Jobs column, the Stowers Institute for Medical Research's William Neaves discusses a different kind of roots — from which research misconduct is born. Neaves outlines his recommendations for mentors who wish to prevent misconduct among their trainees. PIs, he says, ought to "understand the motivation behind some acts of misconduct, and the steps they can take to make sure that misguided trainees don't commit scientific fraud."

The Scan

Tens of Millions Saved

The Associated Press writes that vaccines against COVID-19 saved an estimated 20 million lives in their first year.

Supersized Bacterium

NPR reports that researchers have found and characterized a bacterium that is visible to the naked eye.

Also Subvariants

Moderna says its bivalent SARS-CoV-2 vaccine leads to a strong immune response against Omicron subvariants, the Wall Street Journal reports.

Science Papers Present Gene-Edited Mouse Models of Liver Cancer, Hürthle Cell Carcinoma Analysis

In Science this week: a collection of mouse models of primary liver cancer, and more.