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This Week in Nature: Jun 28, 2012

A team led by investigators at the Chinese Academy of Sciences shows in a Nature Genetics advance online publication that the rice quantitative trait locus GW8 is synonymous with OsSPL16, which encodes a protein that is a positive regulator of cell proliferation.

Over in Nature, a team led by researchers at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston formalizes an evolutionary model through which "functional genes evolve de novo through transitory proto-genes generated by widespread translational activity in non-genic sequences." The team also reports having tested its model in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, finding the "translation of hundreds of short species-specific open reading frames located in non-genic sequences." Overall, the researchers say that their study "illustrates that evolution exploits seemingly dispensable sequences to generate adaptive functional innovation."

Also in this week's issue, University of Edinburgh's Geoffrey Boulton argues for open data, saying that the recent focus on open access publication has drawn attention away from the issue. "Everyone will benefit from a more open approach," Boulton writes in Nature. "The digital and communications revolutions bring opportunities for research that demand openness and a willingness to share data."

The Scan

Fertility Fraud Found

Consumer genetic testing has uncovered cases of fertility fraud that are leading to lawsuits, according to USA Today.

Ties Between Vigorous Exercise, ALS in Genetically At-Risk People

Regular strenuous exercise could contribute to motor neuron disease development among those already at genetic risk, Sky News reports.

Test Warning

The Guardian writes that the US regulators have warned against using a rapid COVID-19 test that is a key part of mass testing in the UK.

Science Papers Examine Feedback Mechanism Affecting Xist, Continuous Health Monitoring for Precision Medicine

In Science this week: analysis of cis confinement of the X-inactive specific transcript, and more.