This Week in Nature

In a paper published in the online advance of Nature Genetics this week, an international research team reports a draft sequence of the domestic apple genome. "We show that a relatively recent (>50 million years ago) genome-wide duplication has resulted in the transition from nine ancestral chromosomes to 17 chromosomes in the Pyreae," the authors write. The team suggests that in apple, MADS-box genes — involved in flower and fruit development — include 15 members.

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The New York Times reports that as China invests in science, it also is dealing with research fraud.

In PLOS this week: transcriptome study of a cold-tolerant plant, deep sequencing of clinical influenza A samples, and more.

Researchers have sequenced the genome of a man who lived in China some 40,000 years ago, according to UPI.

The Atlantic writes that retrotransposons like BovB have proliferated in a number of genomes.