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This Week in Genome Research: Sep 21, 2011

In a paper published online in advance in Genome Research this week, the University of Washington's James Thomas and Sean Schneider report what they call "a striking correlation across vertebrate genomes between the number of LTR retroelements and the number of host tandem ZF [zinc finger] genes," which, they add, is "not explained by covariation in other genomic features." In addition, the UW duo shows that "recently active LTR retroelements are correlated with recent tandem ZF gene duplicates across vertebrates," and report on their investigation of 34 duplicate human KZNF gene pairs, the results of which the authors say "support a host-pathogen model for tandem ZF gene evolution, in which new LTR retroelement challenges drive duplication and divergence of host tandem ZF genes."

In another Genome Research advance online article, the European Bioinformatics Institute's Judith Zaugg and Nicholas Luscomb present "a qualitative model for nucleosome-positioning in Saccharomyces cerevisiae that helps explain important properties of gene expression," which, when applied to integrated public data sets, showed them that promoter-bound nucelosomes in yeast "assume one of four discrete configurations that determine the active and silent transcriptional states of a gene, but not its expression level."

Tel Aviv University's Chaim Linhar et al. this week report on a pair of cis-regulatory motifs in promoter sequences that they say are conserved among, and unique to, all members of the Caenorhabditis genus. "Our data suggest that this motif pair may function in germline development, oogenesis and early embryogenesis," the Tel Aviv team writes.

Elsewhere, the University of California, Santa Cruz's Benedict Paten et al. report in a Genome Research paper recently published online in advance on the Assemblathon 1 competition, "which aimed to comprehensively assess the state of the art in de novo assembly methods when applied to current sequencing technologies." As a result of this competition, Paten and his colleagues say "it is possible to assemble the genome to a high level of coverage and accuracy, and that large differences exist between the assemblies, suggesting room for further improvements in current methods."

The Scan

More Boosters for US

Following US Food and Drug Administration authorization, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has endorsed booster doses of the Moderna and Johnson & Johnson SARS-CoV-2 vaccines, the Washington Post writes.

From a Pig

A genetically modified pig kidney was transplanted into a human without triggering an immune response, Reuters reports.

For Privacy's Sake

Wired reports that more US states are passing genetic privacy laws.

Science Paper on How Poaching Drove Evolution in African Elephants

In Science this week: poaching has led to the rapid evolution of tuskless African elephants.