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This Week in Cell: Oct 26, 2011

Rockefeller University's Ronen Sadeh and C. David Allis discuss in the current issue of Cell the relevance of recent studies that have mapped nucelosomes across the yeast and human genomes. Sadeh and Allis say that data from these studies suggest two models of nucleosome organization: "Chromatin remodelers position nucleosomes around transcriptional start sites in yeast, and a few locked nucleosomes may serve as barriers from which nucleosome arrays emanate in human genomes."

Elsewhere in the issue, Columbia University's Andrea Califano and his colleagues report on an miRNA-mediated network of RNA-RNA interactions, which they say "regulates established oncogenic pathways in gliblastoma." By analyzing gene expression and miRNA profile data for glioblastoma, the team uncovered evidence that "miR-mediated interactions provide a mechanistic, experimentally validated rationale for the loss of PTEN expression in a large number of glioma samples with an intact PTEN locus."

Over in Molecular Cell, researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine discuss principles of RNA-chromatin interactions derived from genome-wide maps of lncRNA occupancy that they generated using ChIRP-seq — chromatin isolation by RNA purification followed by deep sequencing. "ChIRP-seq of three lncRNAs reveal that RNA occupancy sites in the genome are focal, sequence-specific, and numerous" in Drosophila, the authors write.

Finally, Cell Reports has named its inaugural editorial board members. A list of the journal's first 20 board members appears here.

The Scan

LINE-1 Linked to Premature Aging Conditions

Researchers report in Science Translational Medicine that the accumulation of LINE-1 RNA contributes to premature aging conditions and that symptoms can be improved by targeting them.

Team Presents Cattle Genotype-Tissue Expression Atlas

Using RNA sequences representing thousands of cattle samples, researchers looked at relationships between cattle genotype and tissue expression in Nature Genetics.

Researchers Map Recombination in Khoe-San Population

With whole-genome sequences for dozens of individuals from the Nama population, researchers saw in Genome Biology fine-scale recombination patterns that clustered outside of other populations.

Myotonic Dystrophy Repeat Detected in Family Genome Sequencing Analysis

While sequencing individuals from a multi-generation family, researchers identified a myotonic dystrophy type 2-related short tandem repeat in the European Journal of Human Genetics.