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Tenure for All

In a report, the Association of American University Professors says that teaching-intensive or teaching-only professors should be able to secure tenure. "Faculty serving on a contingent basis generally work at significantly lower wages, often without health coverage and other benefits," the report says, also noting that "this means that the majority of faculty work in subprofessional conditions, often without basic protections for academic freedom." According to the Chronicle of Higher Education, Santa Clara University's Marc Bousquet, who co-chaired the committee that wrote the report, says that "in 1970, most undergraduates took nearly all of their class from tenure-eligible faculty, most with terminal degrees in their fields. This fall, however, at many institutions, a first-year student is more likely to drop out than ever to meet a tenure-track professor."

The Scan

Study Finds Sorghum Genetic Loci Influencing Composition, Function of Human Gut Microbes

Focusing on microbes found in the human gut microbiome, researchers in Nature Communications identified 10 sorghum loci that appear to influence the microbial taxa or microbial metabolite features.

Treatment Costs May Not Coincide With R&D Investment, Study Suggests

Researchers in JAMA Network Open did not find an association between ultimate treatment costs and investments in a drug when they analyzed available data on 60 approved drugs.

Sleep-Related Variants Show Low Penetrance in Large Population Analysis

A limited number of variants had documented sleep effects in an investigation in PLOS Genetics of 10 genes with reported sleep ties in nearly 192,000 participants in four population studies.

Researchers Develop Polygenic Risk Scores for Dozens of Disease-Related Exposures

With genetic data from two large population cohorts and summary statistics from prior genome-wide association studies, researchers came up with 27 exposure polygenic risk scores in the American Journal of Human Genetics.