There are two general ways to go about managing a lab, says Vicki Doronina at Bitesize Bio. One she calls the seagull strategy while the other she dubs the commons strategy.
Seagulls, she writes, may live all together, but they don't hunt for food together. Rather, they scavenge food from each other. In the lab, such a management strategy leads to each person being self-reliant. Though, Doronina notes, it can lead to inefficient use of resources.