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Small Business Distribution

US federal agencies that are funded above certain levels, like the National Institutes of Health, allocate part of those funds into programs to support small businesses, writes Sally Rockey, the deputy director for extramural research at NIH at her Rock Talk blog. In a recent post, she looks at the distribution of those grants across the US.

After normalizing the data to control for states with a larger population receiving more grants, she writes that the grants are, for the most part, spread evenly amongst the states. Massachusetts, though, stands out as having a high level of award dollars per person. "California and Massachusetts are known as large biotech hubs, but Massachusetts in particular is especially prominent in the map, due to its relatively small population in comparison to California (approximately 6.6 million versus 37.7 million, according to 2011 US Census estimates)," Rockey adds.

The Scan

Genes Linked to White-Tailed Jackrabbits' Winter Coat Color Change

Climate change, the researchers noted in Science, may lead to camouflage mismatch and increase predation of white-tailed jackrabbits.

Adenine Base Editor Targets SCID Mutation in New Study

Researchers from the University of California, Los Angeles, report in Cell that adenine base editing was able to produce functional T lymphocytes in a model of severe combined immune deficiency.

Researchers Find Gene Affecting Alkaline Sensitivity in Plants

Researchers from the Chinese Academy of Science have found a locus affecting alkaline-salinity sensitivity, which could aid in efforts to improve crop productivity, as they report in Science.

International Team Proposes Checklist for Returning Genomic Research Results

Researchers in the European Journal of Human Genetics present a checklist to guide the return of genomic research results to study participants.