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The Rebuttal Role

Researchers from the University of Washington led by Jeannette Banobi looked into how seven original Science or Nature articles and their rebuttal articles were cited by subsequent papers. As they report in Ecosphere, Banobi and her team found that the original articles were cited 17 more times than the rebuttals, and when the rebuttal article was not included, 95 percent of citing researchers took the original article at face value. "Why is this happening?" asks Bonnie Swoger at her blog, the Undergraduate Science Librarian. She wonders whether researchers actually read the articles they cite or even find all the relevant literature. Banobi and her colleagues say that changes need to be made to "current publishing models to ensure that rebuttals are prominently linked to original articles." However, Swoger adds that "a lack of such system tools does not absolve the authors of their responsibility to find relevant earlier work."

The Scan

Self-Reported Hearing Loss in Older Adults Begins Very Early in Life, Study Says

A JAMA Otolaryngology — Head & Neck Surgery study says polygenic risk scores associated with hearing loss in older adults is also associated with hearing decline in younger groups.

Genome-Wide Analysis Sheds Light on Genetics of ADHD

A genome-wide association study meta-analysis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder appearing in Nature Genetics links 76 genes to risk of having the disorder.

MicroRNA Cotargeting Linked to Lupus

A mouse-based study appearing in BMC Biology implicates two microRNAs with overlapping target sites in lupus.

Enzyme Involved in Lipid Metabolism Linked to Mutational Signatures

In Nature Genetics, a Wellcome Sanger Institute-led team found that APOBEC1 may contribute to the development of the SBS2 and SBS13 mutational signatures in the small intestine.