The Proteoform

In correspondence to Nature Methods, Lloyd Smith, Neil Kelleher, and the Consortium for Top Down Proteomics suggest the term "proteoform" to describe all the shapes that a protein can assume. "Given the importance of capturing this protein variation in basic and translational research, and that technologies now exist to reveal it, we point out an ongoing problem in nomenclature regarding what to call it," they write.

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Two researchers have found that behavioral genetic defenses in criminal cases don't tend to affect outcomes, according to Popular Science.

Researchers report that while host genetics influence the oral microbiome, they don't appear to affect cavity-causing microbes, the Economist says.

Pandas' gut microbiomes change as what they eat changes with the seasons, writes Discover's Inkfish blog.

In PLOS this week: comparative genomic study of malaria-linked macaque parasite, search for apple root reference genes, and more.