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Politicians, Musicians … and Scientists?

Rolling Stone has come up with a list of people they say are "changing America." Hidden in between teen pop/country singer Taylor Swift (number 100 -- yes, we're confused, too) and Barack Obama (number 1) are Craig Venter (number 71), Leroy Hood (63), Jay Keasling (number 40), and Steven Chu (number 24). RS says Hood is changing "the future of medicine" by [giving] physicians tools to diagnose and treat disease even before any symptoms appear" and that Keasling is changing America's energy troubles "engineering bacteria to convert cornstalks and wheat chaff into synthetic hydrocarbon fuels that can power planes, trains and automobiles."

The Scan

Study Finds Sorghum Genetic Loci Influencing Composition, Function of Human Gut Microbes

Focusing on microbes found in the human gut microbiome, researchers in Nature Communications identified 10 sorghum loci that appear to influence the microbial taxa or microbial metabolite features.

Treatment Costs May Not Coincide With R&D Investment, Study Suggests

Researchers in JAMA Network Open did not find an association between ultimate treatment costs and investments in a drug when they analyzed available data on 60 approved drugs.

Sleep-Related Variants Show Low Penetrance in Large Population Analysis

A limited number of variants had documented sleep effects in an investigation in PLOS Genetics of 10 genes with reported sleep ties in nearly 192,000 participants in four population studies.

Researchers Develop Polygenic Risk Scores for Dozens of Disease-Related Exposures

With genetic data from two large population cohorts and summary statistics from prior genome-wide association studies, researchers came up with 27 exposure polygenic risk scores in the American Journal of Human Genetics.