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Philip Lawley Dies

Philip Lawley, who was a chemist at the Chester Beatty Research Institute in the UK, has died, reports Nature. Lawley studied how mutagens and carcinogens bind to and affect DNA, and was among the first to link DNA damage to cancer. Lawley and Peter Brookes, his colleague at Chester Beatty, which is now the Institute of Cancer Research, reported that mustard gas forms adducts with guanine in DNA, and those adducts then affect DNA replication and cell division. Further, they found that how frequently polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons bind to DNA increases their carcinogenic strength. "This discovery overturned the prevailing view that proteins were the critical cellular targets for carcinogens and it changed the course of cancer research," Nature says.

The Scan

Billions for Antivirals

The US is putting $3.2 billion toward a program to develop antivirals to treat COVID-19 in its early stages, the Wall Street Journal reports.

NFT of the Web

Tim Berners-Lee, who developed the World Wide Web, is auctioning its original source code as a non-fungible token, Reuters reports.

23andMe on the Nasdaq

23andMe's shares rose more than 20 percent following its merger with a special purpose acquisition company, as GenomeWeb has reported.

Science Papers Present GWAS of Brain Structure, System for Controlled Gene Transfer

In Science this week: genome-wide association study ties variants to white matter stricture in the brain, and more.