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Open Up!

According to a new plan from the UK's government, 2014 is set to be the year of open access, reports The Guardian's Ian Sample. The government has unveiled a plan to make publicly funded research immediately available to the public for free within the next two years, Sample says. The papers will be put online, and universities, companies, and individuals all over the world will be able to access the studies. The UK is also hoping that this plan will prompt other European countries to adopt similar measures, Sample says.

However, while most researchers were happy with the plan, some scientists Sample spoke to said they didn't like the idea of the £50 million annual transition costs being taken out of the UK's existing budget for research funding. "British universities now pay around £200m a year in subscription fees to journal publishers, but under the new scheme, authors will pay 'article processing charges' (APCs) to have their papers peer reviewed, edited and made freely available online," Sample says. "The typical APC is around £2,000 per article."

The Scan

Tens of Millions Saved

The Associated Press writes that vaccines against COVID-19 saved an estimated 20 million lives in their first year.

Supersized Bacterium

NPR reports that researchers have found and characterized a bacterium that is visible to the naked eye.

Also Subvariants

Moderna says its bivalent SARS-CoV-2 vaccine leads to a strong immune response against Omicron subvariants, the Wall Street Journal reports.

Science Papers Present Gene-Edited Mouse Models of Liver Cancer, Hürthle Cell Carcinoma Analysis

In Science this week: a collection of mouse models of primary liver cancer, and more.