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New Nature Pub Goes OA

Nature Publishing Group is launching a new journal, called Nature Communications, that will allow authors to pay an article processing charge so that their paper is freely-available, the publishing company reports. The new journal will appear online beginning in April 2010 and, according to a press release, will "publish research papers in all areas of the biological, chemical and physical sciences, encouraging papers that provide a multidisciplinary approach." Submissions will start being accepted in October.

In a related blog post, Nick Oswald at Bitesize Bio discusses the various flavors of open-access publishing — Gold, Hybrid, Delayed, or Green. "Open Access is not perfect yet, but if we could reduce the burden on the author and streamline the publishing process, it would be pretty close," Oswald says.

The Scan

Study Finds Sorghum Genetic Loci Influencing Composition, Function of Human Gut Microbes

Focusing on microbes found in the human gut microbiome, researchers in Nature Communications identified 10 sorghum loci that appear to influence the microbial taxa or microbial metabolite features.

Treatment Costs May Not Coincide With R&D Investment, Study Suggests

Researchers in JAMA Network Open did not find an association between ultimate treatment costs and investments in a drug when they analyzed available data on 60 approved drugs.

Sleep-Related Variants Show Low Penetrance in Large Population Analysis

A limited number of variants had documented sleep effects in an investigation in PLOS Genetics of 10 genes with reported sleep ties in nearly 192,000 participants in four population studies.

Researchers Develop Polygenic Risk Scores for Dozens of Disease-Related Exposures

With genetic data from two large population cohorts and summary statistics from prior genome-wide association studies, researchers came up with 27 exposure polygenic risk scores in the American Journal of Human Genetics.