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In a Name

A study in the current issue of BioScience looks into how author gender, as determined from the name on the manuscript, affects peer review outcome. The researchers took a published ecology paper and changed the author name to appear female, male, have just an initial, or not provide a name. The various versions of the paper were then given to both male and female referees at different stages of their training for review. According to the researchers, "name changing did not influence acceptance rates or quality ratings."

"We hope this preliminary study reflects positive changes within the biological field in tandem with the overall increase in the number of female biologists," the authors add.

HT: Conservation Maven

The Scan

UCLA Team Reports Cost-Effective Liquid Biopsy Approach for Cancer Detection

The researchers report in Nature Communications that their liquid biopsy approach has high specificity in detecting all- and early-stage cancers.

Machine Learning Improves Diagnostic Accuracy of Breast Cancer MRI, Study Shows

Combining machine learning with radiologists' interpretations further increased the diagnostic accuracy of MRIs for breast cancer, a Science Translational Medicine paper finds.

Genome Damage in Neurons Triggers Alzheimer's-Linked Inflammation

Neurons harboring increased DNA double-strand breaks activate microglia to lead to neuroinflammation like that seen in Alzheimer's disease, a new Science Advances study finds.

Long COVID-19 Susceptibility Clues Contained in Blood Plasma Proteome

A longitudinal study in eBioMedicine found weeks-long blood plasma proteome shifts after SARS-CoV-2 infection, along with proteomic signatures that appeared to coincide with long Covid risk.