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How Do You Solve a Problem Like Misconduct?

At a recent meeting sponsored by the British Medical Journal and the Committee on Publication Ethics, ethicists, researchers, and journal editors gathered to take on the problem of research misconduct in the UK, reports ScienceInsider's Sara Reardon. The participants rejected the idea of a central government regulator keeping watch over the research community — just as the idea was rejected in the 1990s after it was suggested by the House of Commons Science and Technology Committee, Reardon says. At present, the UK Research Integrity Office — funded by the research councils — advises universities dealing with alleged fraud. But the head of the organization has said that the UKRIO doesn't wish to act as a regulator. The meeting's attendees heard examples from other countries like Sweden and the US, but found them lacking. "On top of that, many feel that leaving institutions responsible for investigating and reporting misconduct is letting the fox guard the chicken coop when universities themselves are complicit in misconduct," Reardon says. In an effort to address the disagreement, she adds, representatives from various research councils and universities across the UK have been working on a "concordat" on investigating misconduct, which is due to be released this spring. Any organization that employs researchers will be encouraged to sign it. "The concordat will add another nationally recognized document to those formulated by UKRIO and the integrity code that universities are required to agree to before getting research council funding," Reardon says. "Its formulators hope it will help ease investigations involving multiple institutions and collaborations."

The Scan

Booster for At-Risk

The New York Times reports that the US Food and Drug Administration has authorized a third dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech SARS-CoV-2 vaccine for people 65 and older or at increased risk.

Preprints OK to Mention Again

Nature News reports the Australian Research Council has changed its new policy and now allows preprints to be cited in grant applications.

Hundreds of Millions More to Share

The US plans to purchase and donate 500 million additional SARS-CoV-2 vaccine doses, according to the Washington Post.

Nature Papers Examine Molecular Program Differences Influencing Neural Cells, Population History of Polynesia

In Nature this week: changes in molecular program during embryonic development leads to different neural cell types, and more.