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GINA Takes Hold

GINA will be taking effect November 21 for businesses with 15 or more employees and December 7 for group insurance plans, this New York Times article reminds us. GINA bars employers from requesting that an employee undergo genetic testing and from considering an employee's genetic background when making hiring, firing or promotion decisions. Health insurance companies are also not allowed to use genetic information to deny coverage or to set rates. "There's an absolute ban on the use of genetic information to make any kind of decision about employment," says Christopher Kuczynski, assistant legal counsel with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

The Scan

Tens of Millions Saved

The Associated Press writes that vaccines against COVID-19 saved an estimated 20 million lives in their first year.

Supersized Bacterium

NPR reports that researchers have found and characterized a bacterium that is visible to the naked eye.

Also Subvariants

Moderna says its bivalent SARS-CoV-2 vaccine leads to a strong immune response against Omicron subvariants, the Wall Street Journal reports.

Science Papers Present Gene-Edited Mouse Models of Liver Cancer, Hürthle Cell Carcinoma Analysis

In Science this week: a collection of mouse models of primary liver cancer, and more.