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Competition and Collaboration

The National Science Board has put out its Science and Engineering Indicators report that says while the US is the largest R&D-performing country, China’s R&D/GDP ratio more than doubled between 1996 and 2007, from 0.6 percent to 1.5 percent. Also, the report says that the number of people with tertiary degrees has increased worldwide, most rapidly in developing Asian economies, while Western countries and Japan worry about a lack of student interest in the sciences and engineering. "Science and technology is no longer the providence of rich developed countries," says Rolf Lehming, director of NSF's Science & Engineering Indicators Program, according to The Scientist. "That opens up opportunities for collaboration. It also brings competitive elements into play.”