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Reinforcing PhD Candidate Retention

The Chronicle of Higher Education reports the release of a new Council of Graduate Schools report that suggests ways in which universities could reduce the number of graduate students who do not complete their doctoral programs. First, the CGS says, academic institutions should improve advising and mentorship in PhD programs. The Council applauds the "colleague circles" at the University of Missouri, and the staff-student "landmark conferences" that Ohio State University holds each year. Support and supervision are especially important during a degree candidate's dissertation phase, the Chronicle says. The CGS also advises that universities consider increasing financial support for their graduate students, according to the Chronicle. The article reports that doctoral candidates' "average time-to-degree is still a formidable 7.7 years — and that, of course, is for the students who manage to finish at all. By some estimates, more than 30 percent of the students who enter American doctoral programs walk away empty-handed." The full CGS report can be purchased at their Web site.

The Scan

New Study Highlights Role of Genetics in ADHD

Researchers report in Nature Genetics on differences in genetic architecture between ADHD affecting children versus ADHD that persists into adulthood or is diagnosed in adults.

Study Highlights Pitfall of Large Gene Panels in Clinical Genomic Analysis

An analysis in Genetics in Medicine finds that as gene panels get larger, there is an increased chance of uncovering benign candidate variants.

Single-Cell Atlas of Drosophila Embryogenesis

A new paper in Science presents a single-cell atlas of fruit fly embryonic development over time.

Phage Cocktail Holds Promise for IBD

Researchers uncovered a combination phage therapy that targets Klebsiella pneumonia strains among individuals experiencing inflammatory bowel disease flare ups, as they report in Cell.