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On Raises and Rights

According to a European Council of Doctoral Candidates and Junior Researchers — or Eurodoc — survey, PhD students in 12 countries across the European Union are concerned about their financial situations, and most "are not aware of the European Charter and Code," which guides how doctoral candidates and junior researchers' employment contracts are to be drawn up. "In the majority of countries in which the survey was conducted, not even one out of 10 respondents has heard of it," the Eurodoc team writes, adding that "the exception is Spain, where one-fifth stated to know it." While in most countries, the role of doctoral candidates supervisors' is defined by "some form of a binding agreement," nearly half of the PhD student respondents in Germany indicated they did not have such an agreement, "and a 'disturbing' number of respondents — more than 20 percent in some countries — had no idea whether such an agreement even exists," ScienceInsider adds. The complete Eurodoc report is available for download, here.

The Scan

Genome Sequences Reveal Range Mutations in Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells

Researchers in Nature Genetics detect somatic mutation variation across iPSCs generated from blood or skin fibroblast cell sources, along with selection for BCOR gene mutations.

Researchers Reprogram Plant Roots With Synthetic Genetic Circuit Strategy

Root gene expression was altered with the help of genetic circuits built around a series of synthetic transcriptional regulators in the Nicotiana benthamiana plant in a Science paper.

Infectious Disease Tracking Study Compares Genome Sequencing Approaches

Researchers in BMC Genomics see advantages for capture-based Illumina sequencing and amplicon-based sequencing on the Nanopore instrument, depending on the situation or samples available.

LINE-1 Linked to Premature Aging Conditions

Researchers report in Science Translational Medicine that the accumulation of LINE-1 RNA contributes to premature aging conditions and that symptoms can be improved by targeting them.