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Options and Outcomes

A new report from the Educational Testing Service and the Council of Graduate Schools says academic institutions ought to better track career outcomes and job placement information for their graduate students. "University leaders, including graduate deans, need to work at all levels to establish specific responsibility for collecting and using data on career outcomes for each graduate by program," the report says, adding that "graduate faculty need to be provided with this information so that they understand, value, and communicate to students about the full spectrum of career pathways."

Beyond tracking employment data, the ETS-CGS report, titled "The Path Forward: The Future of Graduate Education in the United States," suggests other ways universities might enhance their career counseling services. As The Chronicle of Higher Education notes, the report found that "only about one-third of graduate students received enough information about the full range of career options before entering graduate school … and many students relied on faculty to provide information about viable careers during their time in graduate school."

Ohio State University's Pat Osmer, who chairs the commission behind the report, tells the Chronicle that "graduate school is no longer about making clones of ourselves and training people with the same techniques to work on the same problems from decades ago." Rather, he adds, "It is about identifying the important research and solving problems of the 21st century. We need to make sure graduate students learn the right skills and techniques to do that."

The Scan

Tens of Millions Saved

The Associated Press writes that vaccines against COVID-19 saved an estimated 20 million lives in their first year.

Supersized Bacterium

NPR reports that researchers have found and characterized a bacterium that is visible to the naked eye.

Also Subvariants

Moderna says its bivalent SARS-CoV-2 vaccine leads to a strong immune response against Omicron subvariants, the Wall Street Journal reports.

Science Papers Present Gene-Edited Mouse Models of Liver Cancer, Hürthle Cell Carcinoma Analysis

In Science this week: a collection of mouse models of primary liver cancer, and more.