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The Gap

Women with degrees in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics fields are not exempt from the wage gap between men and women, writes Katie Valentine at Science Progress.

A report issued this month by the American Association of University Women finds that female college graduates experience a pay gap — earning 82 cents for every dollar a male counterpart earns — as soon as one year after graduation. Women earn less even when college major is controlled for.

Valentine argues that the difference in pay and employment has three facets: Firstly, a small number of women choose to major in STEM fields, then, of those that do, many don't pursue a STEM career, and, finally, those that do pursue such a career are paid less than their male counterparts.

A number of steps may be taken to try to pique girls' and women's interest in STEM fields, but Valentine says "more could be done to make working conditions better for women once they do enter a career — whether in STEM or in other fields."

The Scan

Nucleotide Base Detected on Near-Earth Asteroid

Among other intriguing compounds, researchers find the nucleotide uracil, a component of RNA sequences, in samples collected from the near-Earth asteroid Ryugu, as they report in Nature Communications.

Clinical Trial Participants, Investigators Point to Importance of Clinical Trial Results Reporting in Canadian Study

Public reporting on clinical trial results is crucial, according to interviews with clinical trial participants, investigators, and organizers from three provinces appearing in BMJ Open.

Old Order Amish Analysis Highlights Autozygosity, Potential Ties to Blood Measures

Researchers in BMC Genomics see larger and more frequent runs-of-homozygosity in Old Order Amish participants, though only regional autozygosity coincided with two blood-based measures.

Suicidal Ideation-Linked Loci Identified Using Million Veteran Program Data

Researchers in PLOS Genetics identify risk variants within and across ancestry groups with a genome-wide association study involving veterans with or without a history of suicidal ideation.