In the New England Journal of Medicine, researchers from the National Cancer Institute say breast cancer risk assessment models don't perform any better when they include common inherited genetic variants linked to the disease. The study's senior investigator, Sholom Wacholder, says the improvement in the risk models wasn't enough to matter to a majority of women. Wacholder and his team combined data from five studies, altogether including 5,590 breast cancer patients and 5,998 healthy women. Then they examined the predictive accuracy of the Gail model – using information on a woman's personal health and reproductive history to estimate the risk of developing breast cancer within the next 5 years, or over a lifetime – and tested the accuracy of a model using SNPs and found they each worked as well as the other. An inclusive model using both SNPs and Gail factors performed only slightly better than either model alone.
Adding More SNPs to Breast Cancer Risk Models Doesn't Help
Mar 19, 2010