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NIH, Fluidigm, Berkeley Lab, Australian government

NIH Gives Fluidigm and Berkeley Lab $1M to Develop Microfluidic Chip
Fluidigm and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have received $1 million from the National Institutes of Health to develop a microfluidic chip to collect in situ X-ray diffraction data.
The chip will enable researchers to screen protein crystals at a synchrotron without first having to remove them from the chip.
The grant is for two years. According to a statement, the chip would allow researchers to identify the best crystals for diffraction experiment using actual X-ray data rather than relying on quantitative measures.

Genomics Research to Play Role in $390M Aussie Gov't Biotech Initiative
Australia plans to pump AU$500 million ($389 million) into building research infrastructure and facilities for genomic analysis, gene discovery, and medical imaging, among other projects, according to the nation's Minister for Education, Science and Training.
The funding is part of a drive announced by Minister Julie Bishop that aims to take research discoveries made by Australian scientists from the lab and into the world.
The money will fund a National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy, which Bishop said "will support emerging industries, such as nanotechnology and biotechnology products, underpin mature industries and help to address national challenges, such as generating sustainable energy and managing our natural resources.”  
In a statement, Bishop said that facilities are being developed in collaboration with the Australian government, state and territory governments, universities, research agencies and industry.
An additional AU$640 million in cash and in-kind contributions have been pledged so far for the facilities, in addition to the NCRIS funding, the statement said.

The Scan

Latent HIV Found in White Blood Cells of Individuals on Long-Term Treatments

Researchers in Nature Microbiology find HIV genetic material in monocyte white blood cells and in macrophages that differentiated from them in individuals on HIV-suppressive treatment.

Seagull Microbiome Altered by Microplastic Exposure

The overall diversity and the composition at gut microbiome sites appear to coincide with microplastic exposure and ingestion in two wild bird species, according to a new Nature Ecology and Evolution study.

Study Traces Bladder Cancer Risk Contributors in Organ Transplant Recipients

In eLife, genome and transcriptome sequencing reveal mutation signatures, recurrent somatic mutations, and risky virus sequences in bladder cancers occurring in transplant recipients.

Genes Linked to White-Tailed Jackrabbits' Winter Coat Color Change

Climate change, the researchers noted in Science, may lead to camouflage mismatch and increase predation of white-tailed jackrabbits.