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Where Were You When Gen G Was Generated?


The 16 up-and-comers featured in this month’s cover story were born between 1967 and 1973. Here’s some trivia to put the dates in perspective.


• Laws forbidding the teaching of the theory of evolution in Tennessee schools are repealed

• Craig Venter turns 21 as a corpsman in Da Nang, Vietnam


• James Watson publishes The Double Helix

• Fred Sanger uses radioactive phosphorous as a tracer to chromatographically decipher a 120-base-long RNA sequence

• 29-year-old Lee Hood, who already holds an MD from Johns Hopkins, completes his PhD at Cal Tech


• Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency goes online, connecting four major US universities. Designed for research, education, and government organizations, it provides a communications network linking the country in the event that a military attack destroys conventional communications systems


• Hamilton Smith and Daniel Nathans isolate the first restriction enzyme (work for which Smith wins the Nobel prize in 1978)

• Howard Temin and David Baltimore independently discover reverse transcriptase enzymes

• John Gurdon uses nuclear transplantation to clone a frog — first cloning of a vertebrate

• IBM introduces the floppy disk

• Hoffman-La Roche invents the liquid crystal display


• Nixon signs National Cancer Act, earmarking $1.6 billion for cancer research

• 518 protein sequences are listed in the Atlas of Protein Sequence & Structure, Volume V

• GE applies for patent on bacteria that digests oil, opening door for patenting of living organisms

• “Computer Space” is first video arcade game ever released

• Texas Instruments releases the first easily portable electronic calculator

• Intel introduces the 4004 Microprocessor


•Electronic mail is born

• Magnavox launches “Odyssey,” the first home video game system


• Transmission Control Protocol/ Internet Protocol is designed. Ten years later it becomes the standard for communicating between computers over the Internet


• Eric Lander (third from left, with his math team) is class valedictorian at Stuyvesant High School in New York

The Scan

Shape of Them All

According to BBC News, researchers have developed a protein structure database that includes much of the human proteome.

For Flu and More

The Wall Street Journal reports that several vaccine developers are working on mRNA-based vaccines for influenza.

To Boost Women

China's Ministry of Science and Technology aims to boost the number of female researchers through a new policy, reports the South China Morning Post.

Science Papers Describe Approach to Predict Chemotherapeutic Response, Role of Transcriptional Noise

In Science this week: neural network to predict chemotherapeutic response in cancer patients, and more.