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This Week in JAMA: Sep 28, 2011


In JAMA this week, researchers from Austria explore the gender-specific prevalence of adenomas and advanced adenomas in colorectal cancer patients undergoing colonoscopy screening. The team analyzed data from 44,350 participants of a national screening colonoscopy program in Austria from 2007 to 2010. Adenomas were found in 19.7 percent of colonoscopy participants, and being male was significantly associated with a higher prevalence of adenomas, the authors write.

Also in JAMA this week, the journal's Rebecca Voelker reports on new cancer care accreditation standards for hospital cancer programs that call for approaches to help patients and their families deal with the myriad and complex diagnoses and treatment options, and to better coordinate care among different medical professionals. The American College of Surgeon's Commission on Cancer developed the new standards with the support of four cancer advocacy groups, including the American Cancer Society. To be accredited by the CoC, hospitals will have to provide, among other things, screening to help patients deal with mental distress, palliative care, and genetic services, Voelker says.

The Scan

Shape of Them All

According to BBC News, researchers have developed a protein structure database that includes much of the human proteome.

For Flu and More

The Wall Street Journal reports that several vaccine developers are working on mRNA-based vaccines for influenza.

To Boost Women

China's Ministry of Science and Technology aims to boost the number of female researchers through a new policy, reports the South China Morning Post.

Science Papers Describe Approach to Predict Chemotherapeutic Response, Role of Transcriptional Noise

In Science this week: neural network to predict chemotherapeutic response in cancer patients, and more.